The stock exchange market is the aggregation of sellers and buyers of stocks (also known as shares). Stock includes both the ‘securities’ listed on the stock exchange and those which are traded confidentially. All the developed and most developing economies have these markets. The world’s largest markets are present in the United Kingdom, United States, China, Japan, India, Germany, France, Canada, Netherlands, and the South Korea.
For companies, the stock market is one of the most significant ways to raise money. The stock market allows businesses to be traded publicly and increases further financial capital for extension by selling shares of possession of the company in a public market. The stock market has a variety of roles in the economy.